How to Calculate Dividend Yield

In today’s post, we’re going to dive into the wonderful world of dividend investing and explain how to calculate dividend yield.

If you don’t know already, dividends are a type of reward paid out directly to each shareholder of a company in exchange for investing with them. The amount you can receive depends on the company, the amount you invest in them and the dividend yield. This is today’s focus – dividend yield. How do you calculate the dividend yield?

Dividend Yield – Explained

First, let’s get a clear understanding of what dividend yield is. In simple terms, dividend yield is the ratio of a company’s annual dividend per share to its current share price.

It helps us to determine how much cash flow we’re getting from our investment relative to the price we’re paying for it.

This is particularly useful when comparing dividend stocks or when trying to decide if a particular stock is a good fit for your income-focused portfolio.

Now that we’ve got the basics covered, let’s break down the steps to calculate dividend yield.

dividend yield calculations

Calculating Dividend Yield

Step 1: Find the annual dividend per share

The first thing we need to do is find out how much the company pays in dividends per share each year. You can usually find this information on the company’s investor relations website or financial statements.

Sometimes, companies pay dividends quarterly, so you’ll need to multiply the quarterly dividend by four to get the annual dividend per share.

Step 2: Get the current share price

Next, we’ll need to know the current share price of the stock. You can easily find this information on any financial news website or by doing a quick search on your favourite search engine.

Step 3: Divide the annual dividend per share by the current share price

Finally, it’s time to put our math skills to the test. To calculate the dividend yield, divide the annual dividend per share by the current share price. The resulting number will be the dividend yield, expressed as a percentage.

And that’s it! It’s as simple as one, two, three.

Dividend Yield Example

Now, let’s look at an example to see how this calculation works in practice. We’ll use a fictional company called “Dividend Delights”.

Let’s say Dividend Delights has an annual dividend per share of $2.00, and the current share price is $40.00. Here’s how we would calculate the dividend yield:

Annual Dividend per Share = $2.00

Current Share Price = $40.00

Dividend Yield = (Annual Dividend per Share / Current Share Price) x 100

Dividend Yield = ($2.00 / $40.00) x 100

Dividend Yield = 0.05 x 100

Dividend Yield = 5%

So, in this example, Dividend Delights Inc. has a dividend yield of 5%.

Now that we know how to calculate the dividend yield, let’s discuss why it matters and how you can use it to make better investment decisions.

Why Does Dividend Yield Matter?

Dividend yield is essential for several reasons:

Income generation

A higher dividend yield means more income for you, the investor. If you’re looking to generate a steady stream of cash flow from your investments, dividend yield can help you identify stocks that will provide that income.


Dividend yield can help you determine if a stock is overvalued or undervalued. Generally, a higher dividend yield suggests that a stock might be undervalued, while a lower yield might indicate that it’s overvalued. However, it’s essential to consider other factors and not rely solely on dividend yield for valuation purposes. It’s always a good idea to use multiple valuation metrics to get a complete picture of a stock’s value.


Companies with a consistent history of paying dividends are often seen as more stable and less risky. A healthy dividend yield can signal that a company has a strong financial position and is committed to rewarding its shareholders.

Total return potential

Dividend yield, combined with capital appreciation (the increase in the stock’s price), can help you evaluate a stock’s total return potential. A stock with a good dividend yield may provide a better total return than a stock with no dividend, even if the latter has a higher price appreciation.

how to calculate dividend yield

How to use Dividend Yield in your Investment Strategy

Now that we understand the importance of dividend yield, let’s talk about how to use it in your investment strategy.

Comparing dividend stocks

When choosing between two or more dividend-paying stocks, you can use dividend yield to help determine which stock offers the best income potential. However, remember to also consider other factors, such as the company’s financial health, dividend payout ratio, and dividend growth rate.

Screening for dividend stocks

You can use dividend yield as a screening tool to find potential dividend stocks for your portfolio. Many financial websites offer stock screeners that allow you to filter stocks based on dividend yield and other criteria.

Monitoring your portfolio

Keep an eye on the dividend yields of the stocks in your portfolio. If a stock’s dividend yield starts to decline, it may be a sign that the company is facing financial difficulties or that the stock has become overvalued. On the other hand, if a stock’s dividend yield increases significantly, it may be an opportunity to buy more shares at an attractive valuation.

Reinvesting dividends

One powerful way to boost your investment returns is by reinvesting your dividends. By using the dividend yield to identify high-quality dividend stocks, you can create a compounding machine that helps grow your wealth over time.


In conclusion, understanding and calculating dividend yield is an essential skill for dividend investors. It can help you identify attractive income-generating stocks, assess valuation, and make informed decisions about your portfolio.

So, the next time you’re researching dividend stocks, make sure to grab your calculator and put your newfound dividend yield calculation skills to the test!